The Pug

Quick Facts

- Good for novice owners
- Good with children
- Good with other animals
- Toy size
- Low exercise needs
- High shedding
- low guard dog capabilities
- Medium ease of training

Pugs were developed to be spoiled and adored. They were bred to be the treasured pets of Chinese Royalty. Their exact origins are unknown, but there are references to a Pug-like dog as early as 551 BC. Pugs made their way from the Chinese courts to Tibet, where they lived with the Buddhist monks. From there they spread to Japan, then Europe and finally North America. The Pug is also known as the Chinese Pug, Dutch Bulldog, Dutch Mastiff and the mini Mastiff

Pugs have personality. They are humorous, bossy, playful and loving. They are not dogs that will accept being ignored. If they do not feel you are giving them adequate attention, they will protest vocally or plop themselves into your lap. They love to be spoiled and will commandeer the most comfortable chair in the house and steal the pillows in bed. They tend to vocalize their moods with happy yips, grumbles, barks and other assorted sounds. They also snore, wheeze, sneeze and burp. They are a breed best suited for someone with a good sense of humour and patience.

Pugs are loving devoted dogs, who tend to bond closely with their people. They are adaptable dogs, who are happy to live almost anywhere, be it city or country, apartment or house. As long as they are getting love and food, they are content. Although they can be stubborn and demanding, they are seldom a real problem and make a fine choice for novice dog owners. Pugs like to get their own way, so owners need to be firm about rules.

Pugs are good-natured dogs who are not given to aggressive behaviour. Most do well with children and can happily live with other animals, especially other Pugs. They do have a bit of a jealous streak, especially when it comes to their special person.

Pugs are far more robust and athletic than most people think. They need at least a couple of walks a day and they will also enjoy a romp in the park with friends a couple of times a week. During hot weather, they should only be walked in the morning or evening, after the heat of the day has passed. Pugs can participate in several of the organized dog trials. Owners can enter them in conformation shows, and agility and obedience trials. They also make excellent therapy dogs.

Appearance and Grooming:
Pugs are solid muscular dogs. They weigh between 14-22 pounds and measure 10-11 inches at their withers. They come in solid black, silver or the most common, apricot fawn. Their grooming needs consist of a quick brushing once a week and regular cleaning of their eyes, folds and wrinkles. They are constant shedders.

Pugs are a very popular breed and like most popular breeds they are prone to many health issues. Pugs are susceptible to serious eye problems such as ulcers on the cornea, eye lacerations, eyeball prolapse, eyelid/eyelash abnormalities and keratitis. They are also prone to heat stroke, collapsed nostrils, respiratory difficulties, eczema and heart problems. They are sensitive to both extremely cold and hot temperatures and will need a jacket in the winter and air conditioning in the summer. Pugs gain weight easily and tend to overeat when given the chance. Owner’s need to monitor their food intake carefully to insure they do not become obese. Foods with corn and wheat should be avoided, as it will make them gassy. Their usually lifespan is 12-15 years.


Located in: Toy