Jack Russell Terriers were developed in the mid 1800s. They originated in England, yet were developed in Australia. They were created by their namesake Parson Jack Russell. Today, the Jack Russell Terrier is almost identical to their originally ancestors.
Jack Russell Terriers are spirited and spunky. They are active dogs who like to be on the go and do not enjoy a sedentary life. They are versatile and industrious and excel at a variety of tasks. The make excellent all-purpose farm dogs, formidable vermin exterminators, enjoy ball chasing and playing and make wonderful jogging, rollerblading or bicycling companions.
Jack Russell Terriers are best suited for energetic people with at least a little experience with dogs. They need early socialization and training and lots of activity to keep them calm and under control. An ill trained and exercised Jack Russell is often prone to destructive behaviour and moodiness. Jack Russell Terriers need at least a couple of hours of exercise daily.
Jack Russell Terriers are watchful and fearless. They make excellent barking watchdogs. However, true to their Terrier heritage they can get carried away with the barking if allowed. They are fun loving dogs who enjoy playing with older children. They are not the best for homes with young children as they do have a bit of a quick temper and could snap if pushed too far. When well socialized most Jack Russell Terriers get along well with other dogs, horses and livestock, but due to their natural hunting instincts are not trustworthy with small animals. Some Jack Russell do well with household cats, others do not.
Jack Russell Terriers are not for the idle. Those looking for a lap dog to pamper should look elsewhere. They are high-spirited dogs who do not like to sit still too long. However, at the end of a busy day they are happy to curl up and cuddle with their family.
Appearance and Grooming:
Jack Russell Terriers measure 12-15 inches at their withers and weigh 10-18 pounds. They are available in two coat types, rough and smooth. Their coat is primarily white with black and/or tan markings. Their grooming needs are easy, requiring only a quick brushing once a week.
Jack Russell Terriers are susceptible to numerous health issues. They are prone to von Willebrand disease, congenital deafness, patellar luxation, congenital dwarfism, cataracts and food and skin allergies. Perspective owners should buy from a breeder who VWD tests their dogs before breeding. This helps to ensure that the puppies do not develop von Willebrand disease. They are usually long-lived dogs, most reaching 16-20 years.
- Best for experienced owners
- Best with older considerate children
- Good with other dogs, horses and livestock
- High exercise needs
- Medium shedding
- Medium guard dog capabilities
- Medium ease of training